was first built during the Hellenistic age. It
has been enlarged and refurbished during the
Roman and Byzantine periods. It is located to
the north of the State Agora. The structure is
still in good shape up to the vaults section.
The final design
of the bath suits to classical Roman bath
styles. It had three sections; the caldarium
(hot section), the tepidarium (warm section) and
the frigidarium (cold section). Limestone was
used as building material. There were pipes
inside the walls of the caldarium and the
tepidarium to help the movement of the heated
air through these sections.
covered room was built in the 5th century A.D.
and represents Byzantine era influence on inner
decoration technique. A well known sophist,
Flavius Damianus built the bath and kept a
private room for himself and his wife.
Section of Ephesus,
Istanbul Castles, Istanbul Bazaars