This was the bazaar made up of
portico shops lining the walkway of
the vaulted bazaar storage area that
was typical of heavy trading areas
of the former Turkish period.
Merchants who were of the same trade
and who were dependent on limited
production sold their wares side by
Primitive communities used natural
resources to grind grain. From the
Neolithic Age to about the 5th
century BC grain was ground by hand
between two stones. After the 5th
century the upper stone was enlarged
and grain was poured into the hole
in the top to be ground. Later an
arm was added for easier turning.
the 2nd century animals like donkeys
or horses were used in the Antalya
area for grinding large amounts of
grain. Water-driven mills were used
as early as the 1st century BC.
about fifty years ago there was a
"Cici Barber" in almost every town
in Anatolia, where there would be a
master barber and an experienced
apprentice along with a young
apprentice. The master barber would
do adult customers and the
experienced apprentice would do
young men boys. The young boy would
sweep the place, offer customers
coffee and tea and watch the master
barber in his spare time.
Water and Rose Oil Production:
shops making rose water and rose oil
using traditional methods could not
compete with larger commercial
production centers and went out of
business. Rose shops made rose water
and rose oil by hand by distilling
rose leaves. The month of May was
the only month for production using
fresh roses. Rose production began
3000 years BC with the Sumerians.
Assyrians were the first to produce
rose water and oil.
Anatolia roses have been produced
since the 12th and 13th centuries.
In the14th century Ibn-i Batuta
wrote in his travelogue of being
offered rose water at Gülhisar, in
the province of Burdur.
Europeans learned rose water and oil
production from the Turks in the
beads: Amulets, dating back to prehistoric
times, are produced in the Aegean
area at Kemalpasa and Görece. The
glass is made in special ovens
heating up to 1000° C. and colored,
then shaped with an iron rod. Since
blue is used against the Evil Eye,
it is the most popular color.
Yatagan-Turkish Sword Making:
The yataghan is a Turkish sword 50
to 100cm in length, with a slight
curve toward the end. It was first
used in the 14th century.
The body of the blade is made of
steel and the butt of it is from
animal horn. It is worn tucked into
a thick waistband around the waist.
Since most of the production is done
at Yatagan, the sword was named for
SAADET HATUN BATH
Turkish baths come from their Roman
counterparts. In that period baths
were not simply used for bathing,
but also for massage, sports and
conversation. The bath had an
important place in Roman culture
that lasted until Byzantine times.
Later, the bath was forgotten in
Mediterranean and European regions,
but revived by the Turks. During
Selçuk and Ottoman periods many
artistic and multi-purpose baths
There are seven old Turkish baths
within Selçuk County. One of these
baths was named Saadet Hatun Bath.
It is not clear just who Saadet
Hatun was but it is thought he was
one of the Aydinogullari Beys. This
bath, dating from the 16th century,
has many of the features of a
traditional Turkish bath, with three
divisions: cold, warm and hot. The
bath was repaired in 1972 by the
Ephesus Museum after standing in
ruins until 1970. Near the bath is a
caravanserai used as conference
hall, and the Ayasuluk Mosque.
Section of Ephesus,
Istanbul Castles, Istanbul Bazaars